AB 1672 Small Group Employer Definitions

AB 1083 (2012 Monning) will update this law to comply with Obamacare PPACA. Insurance Code 10753 et seq

Small Group Employer Health Reform aka AB 1672  is explained on our Introduction page. This page gives you the legal definitions of the terms used in this 1992 law.

Text of Small Group Health Act AB 1672 §10700. et seq.

As used in this chapter:

(a) “Agent or broker” means a person or entity licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1621) of Part 2 of Division 1.    (b) “Benefit plan design” means a specific health coverage product issued by a carrier to small employers, to trustees of associations that include small employers, or to individuals if the coverage is offered through employment or sponsored by an employer. It includes services covered and the levels of copayment and deductibles, and it may include the professional providers who are to provide those services and the sites where those services are to be provided. A benefit plan design may also be an integrated system for the financing and delivery of quality health care services which has significant incentives for the covered individuals to use the system.    (c) “Board” means the Major Risk Medical Insurance Board.    (d) “Carrier” means any disability insurance company or any other entity that writes, issues, or administers health benefit plans that cover the employees of small employers, regardless of the situs of the contract or master policyholder. For the purposes of Articles 3 (commencing with Section 10719) and 4 (commencing with Section 10730), “carrier” also includes health care service plans.    (e) “Dependent” means the spouse or child of an eligible employee, subject to applicable terms of the health benefit plan covering the employee, and includes dependents of guaranteed association members if the association elects to include dependents under its health coverage at the same time it determines its membership composition pursuant to subdivision (z).

(f)§10700.“Eligible employee” means either [full time and part time] of the following:

(1) Any permanent employee who is actively engaged on a full-time basis in the conduct of the business of the small employer with a normal workweek of at least 30 hours, in the small employer’s regular place of business, who has met any statutorily authorized applicable waiting period requirements.

Bulletin 94-9A: “Actively at Work” or “Not Disabled” Requirements in Small Employer Health Insurance.

30 hours is also the # for the 51+ employer mandate under PPACA dol.gov irs.gov

Health Reform §2708 42 US §300gg requires that Employees be eligible within 90 days.  DOL Guidance 2012-02 national underwriter.com Health Reform Facts Q & A 249

Definition Eligible Employee for 1.1.2014 ObamaCare

EDD Employer’s Guide 137 Pages

The term includes sole proprietors or partners of a partnership, if they are actively engaged on a full-time basis in the small employer’s business, and they are included as employees under a health benefit plan of a small employer, but does not include employees who work on a part-time, temporary, or substitute basis. It includes any eligible employee as defined in this paragraph who obtains coverage through a guaranteed association.

Eligibility and Participation are usually verified by the DE 6 or 9  EDD Quarterly Wage and Withholding Report or the  “Working Full Time Statement
DE 6 or 9

Signed Statement attesting to actually working, etc….If an owner is not on payroll***Can always go on payroll….all carriers want to make sure that he or she is working primarily for the company where they are applying for coverage, i.e. an owner might have more than one business (common ownership) or work full time elsewhere and the criteria where he is eligible for insurance is where is derives most of his income and spends most of his time. (email dated 4.10.2012 9:45 AM)If the wife doesn’t have other insurance through that job and she works more than 20 hours a week at [redacted], she would be considered eligible. (Email dated 4.16.2012)If the wife makes more money at “redacted”  than the other job, then I would say the “substantial income” is from “redacted”. The group will need to sign the form as is if they want insurance (Email dated 4.16.2012 10:25 AM)

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My LLC is a real company, with real revenue, and my wife is a full, 50% partner with half the earnings. Her half should be about $35,000 this year, more than her earnings at her temporary job with the (redacted privacy). She is not eligible for health insurance benefits due to being a temporary employee. She earns about $27,000 a year, less than her share of the LLC earnings, but I don’t know if Anthem considers that “substantial earned income”?. I did not fill out an Eligibility form for her.

small employer def. 10700 (w)
Employees of employers purchasing through a guaranteed association shall be deemed to be eligible employees if they would otherwise meet the definition except for the number of persons employed by the employer.

Part Time – 20 + hours

A permanent employee who works at least 20 hours but not more than 29 hours is deemed to be an eligible employee if all four of the following apply:    (A) The employee otherwise meets the definition of an eligible employee except for the number of hours worked.    (B) The employer offers the employee health coverage under a health benefit plan.

(C) All similarly situated individuals are offered coverage under the health benefit plan.

(D) The employee must have worked at least 20 hours per normal workweek for at least 50 percent of the weeks in the previous calendar quarter(Is the employee on the prior DE 6 or 9 ?) The insurer may request any necessary information to document the hours and time period in question, including, but not limited to, payroll records and employee wage and tax filings.     (Part timers were added by SB 1790 – 1998)  Blue Shield Underwriting Manual Rules Page 25

***Those covered under spousal plans are not counted as eligible either 10705 g 1

Some Insurance Companies are more liberal… Check this survey.

(2) Any member of a guaranteed association as defined in subdivision (z).

(g) “Enrollee” means an eligible employee or dependent who receives health coverage through the program from a participating carrier.    (h) “Financially impaired” means, for the purposes of this chapter, a carrier that, on or after the effective date of this chapter, is not insolvent and is either:    (1) Deemed by the commissioner to be potentially unable to fulfill its contractual obligations.    (2) Placed under an order of rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction.    (i) “Fund” means the California Small Group Reinsurance Fund.    (j) “Health benefit plan” means a policy or contract written or administered by a carrier that arranges or provides health care benefits for the covered eligible employees of a small employer and their dependents.

Federal HIPAA Definition  300gg 91

The term does not include accident only, credit, disability income, coverage of Medicare services pursuant to contracts with the United States government, Medicare supplement, long-term care insurance, dental, vision, coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance, automobile medical payment insurance, or insurance under which benefits are payable with or without regard to fault and that is statutorily required to be contained in any liability insurance policy or equivalent self-insurance.  (AB 1742)    (k) “In force business” means an existing health benefit plan issued by the carrier to a small employer.

Special Enrollment When you lose coverage, that allowed you to waive off your employer’s plan, you can get back on, without waiting for OPEN Enrollment… as a late Enrollee.

(l) “Late enrollee” §10700.means an eligible employee or dependent who has declined health coverage under a health benefit plan offered by a small employer at the time of the initial enrollment period provided under the terms of the health benefit plan, and who subsequently requests enrollment in a health benefit plan of that small employer, provided that the initial enrollment period shall be a period of at least 30 days. It also means any member of an association that is a guaranteed association as well as any other person eligible to purchase through the guaranteed association when that person has failed to purchase coverage during the initial enrollment period provided under the terms of the guaranteed association’s health benefit plan and who subsequently requests enrollment in the plan, provided that the initial enrollment period shall be a period of at least 30 days. However, an eligible employee, another person eligible for coverage through a guaranteed association pursuant to subdivision (z), or an eligible dependent shall not be considered a late enrollee if any of the following is applicable:

Qualifying Event Late Enrollee

(1) The individual meets all of the following requirements:    (A) He or she was covered under another employer health benefit plan, the Healthy Families Program, (Added by AB 1533) [going by the wayside CA Health Line 9.7.2016]  or no share-of-cost Medi-Cal coverage at the time the individual was eligible to enroll. (SB 392)    (B) He or she certified at the time of the initial enrollment that coverage under another employer health benefit plan, the Healthy Families Program, or no share-of-cost Medi-Cal coverage was the reason for declining enrollment provided that, if the individual was covered under another employer health plan, the individual was given the opportunity to make the certification required by this subdivision and was notified that failure to do so could result in later treatment as a late enrollee.    (C) He or she has lost or will lose coverage under another employer health benefit plan as a result of termination of employment of the individual or of a person through whom the individual was covered as a dependent, change in employment status of the individual, or of a person through whom the individual was covered as a dependent, the termination of the other plan’s coverage,

***It may also include, if the other plan had a significant change in pricing or benefits. Voight Aircraft

This would allow you to change to your spouses coverage if you lose yours.

cessation of an employer’s contribution toward an employee or dependent’s coverage, death of the person through whom the individual was covered as a dependent, legal separation, divorce, loss of coverage under the Healthy Families Program as a result of exceeding the program’s income or age limits, or loss of no share-of-cost Medi-Cal coverage.
(D) He or she requests enrollment within 30 days after termination of coverage or employer contribution toward coverage provided under another employer health benefit plan.

(2) The individual is employed by an employer who offers multiple health benefit plans and the individual elects a different plan during an open enrollment period.    (3) A court has ordered that coverage be provided for a spouse or minor child under a covered employee’s health benefit plan.    (4) (A) In the case of an eligible employee as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (f), the carrier cannot produce a written statement from the employer stating that the individual or the person through whom an individual was eligible to be covered as a dependent, prior to declining coverage, was provided with, and signed acknowledgment of, an explicit written notice in boldface type specifying that failure to elect coverage during the initial enrollment period permits the carrier to impose, at the time of the individual’s later decision to elect coverage, an exclusion from coverage for a period of 12 months as well as a six-month preexisting condition exclusion unless the individual meets the criteria specified in paragraph (1), (2), or (3).    (B) In the case of an eligible employee who is a guaranteed association member, the plan cannot produce a written statement from the guaranteed association stating that the association sent a written notice in boldface type to all potentially eligible association members at their last known address prior to the initial enrollment period informing members that failure to elect coverage during the initial enrollment period permits the plan to impose, at the time of the member’s later decision to elect coverage, an exclusion from coverage for a period of 12 months as well as a six-month preexisting condition exclusion unless the member can demonstrate that he or she meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A), (C), and (D) of paragraph (1) or meets the requirements of paragraph (2) or (3).    (C) In the case of an employer or person who is not a member of an association, was eligible to purchase coverage through a guaranteed association, and did not do so, and would not be eligible to purchase guaranteed coverage unless purchased through a guaranteed association, the employer or person can demonstrate that he or she meets the requirements of subparagraphs (A), (C), and (D) of paragraph (1), or meets the requirements of paragraph (2) or (3), or that he or she recently had a change in status that would make him or her eligible and that application for coverage was made within 30 days of the change.    (5) The individual is an employee or dependent who meets the criteria described in paragraph (1) and was under a COBRA continuation provision and the coverage under that provision has been exhausted. For purposes of this section, the definition of “COBRA” set forth in subdivision (e) of Section 1373.62 shall apply.    (6) The individual is a dependent of an enrolled eligible employee who has lost or will lose his or her coverage under the Healthy Families Program as a result of exceeding the program’s income or age limits or no share-of-cost Medi-Cal coverage and requests enrollment within 30 days after notification of this loss of coverage.    (7) The individual is an eligible employee who previously declined coverage under an employer health benefit plan and who has subsequently acquired a dependent who would be eligible for coverage as a dependent of the employee through marriage, birth, adoption, or placement for adoption, and who enrolls for coverage under that employer health benefit plan on his or her behalf, and on behalf of his or her dependent within 30 days following the date of marriage, birth, adoption, or placement for adoption, in which case the effective date of coverage shall be the first day of the month following the date the completed request for enrollment is received in the case of marriage, or the date of birth, or the date of adoption or placement for adoption, whichever applies. Notice of the special enrollment rights contained in this paragraph shall be provided by the employer to an employee at or before the time the employee is offered an opportunity to enroll in plan coverage.    (8) The individual is an eligible employee who has declined coverage for himself or herself or his or her dependents during a previous enrollment period because his or her dependents were covered by another employer health benefit plan at the time of the previous enrollment period. That individual may enroll himself or herself or his or her dependents for plan coverage during a special open enrollment opportunity if his or her dependents have lost or will lose coverage under that other employer health benefit plan. The special open enrollment opportunity shall be requested by the employee not more than 30 days after the date that the other health coverage is exhausted or terminated. Upon enrollment, coverage shall be effective not later than the first day of the first calendar month beginning after the date the request for enrollment is received. Notice of the special enrollment rights contained in this paragraph shall be provided by the employer to an employee at or before the time the employee is offered an opportunity to enroll in plan coverage. (appears to be added by SB 737)

Click here for more info on late enrollees   10709

Special Enrollment

(m) “New business” means a health benefit plan issued to a small employer that is not the carrier’s in force business.    (n) “Participating carrier” means a carrier that has entered into a contract with the program to provide health benefits coverage under this part.    (o) “Plan of operation” means the plan of operation of the fund, including articles, bylaws and operating rules adopted by the fund pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 10719).    (p) “Program” means the Health Insurance Plan of California.    (q) “Preexisting condition provision” means§10700. a policy provision that excludes coverage for charges or expenses incurred during a specified period following the insured’s effective date of coverage, as to a condition for which medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment was recommended or received during a specified period immediately preceding the effective date of coverage.  More details

(r) “Creditable coverage” §10700.  means:     (1) Any individual or group policy, contract, or program, that is written or administered by a disability insurer, health care service plan, fraternal benefits society, self-insured employer plan, or any other entity, in this state or elsewhere, and that arranges or provides medical, hospital, and surgical coverage not designed to supplement other private or governmental plans. The term includes continuation or conversion coverage but does not include accident only, credit, coverage for onsite medical clinics, disability income, Medicare supplement, long-term care, dental, vision, coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance, insurance arising out of a workers’ compensation or similar law, automobile medical payment insurance, or insurance under which benefits are payable with or without regard to fault and that is statutorily required to be contained in any liability insurance policy or equivalent self-insurance.    (2) The federal Medicare program pursuant to Title XVIII of the Social Security Act.    (3) The Medicaid program pursuant to Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

***Here are some notes on when Medi-Cal is used to exclude employees from having to enroll – participate in an Employer Group Health Insurance Plan

Medi-Cal explanation booklet .  It would just sound logical to me, that Medi-Cal would be quite pleased if the employee – recipients had other coverage to fall back on.  Then Medi-Cal would only have to cover the uninsured portion.  That is, they are “Payer of Last Resort.”  (Page 28)  That is what they do under “Medi – Medi” where a person has Medicare and then Medi-Cal for the Uninsured Expenses. (Page 32 QMB – Qualified Medicare Beneficiary).      (MIA?  Medically Indigent Adult Page 56?)   See Page 64 HIPP Health Insurance Payment Program where Medi Cal pays for private health insurance

Please let us know,  under which program each employee who is declining coverage, has qualified under Medi-Cal for.

See summary of Carrier Requirements – Warner Pacific – Page 9 Medicare and Medi-Cal waivers are accepted.

(4) Any other publicly sponsored program, provided in this state or elsewhere, of medical, hospital, and surgical care.    (5) 10 U.S.C. Chapter 55 (commencing with Section 1071) (Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)).    (6) A medical care program of the Indian Health Service or of a tribal organization.    (7) A state health benefits risk pool.    (8) A health plan offered under 5 U.S.C. Chapter 89 (commencing with Section 8901) (Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP)).    (9) A public health plan as defined in federal regulations authorized by Section 2701(c)(1)(I) of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by Public Law 104-191, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.    (10) A health benefit plan under Section 5(e) of the Peace Corps Act (22 U.S.C. Sec. 2504(e)).    (11) Any other creditable coverage as defined by subdivision (c) of Section 2701 of Title XXVII of the federal Public Health Services Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 300gg(c)).

More details

(s) “Rating period” means the period for which premium rates established by a carrier are in effect and shall be no less than six months.

(SB 578 added some of the above)

(t) “Risk adjusted employee risk rate” means the rate determined for an eligible employee of a small employer in a particular risk category after applying the risk adjustment factor.

(u) “Risk adjustment factor”  §10700.means the percent adjustment to be applied equally to each standard employee risk rate for a particular small employer, based upon any expected deviations from standard claims. This factor may not be more than 120 percent or less than 80 percent until July 1, 1996. Effective July 1, 1996, this factor may not be more than 110 percent or less than 90 percent.

Health Reform WON’T have this for non grandfathered plans!
Simple explanation of AB 1672 & Rating Adjustment Factors (RAF)  CHCF Site

Nolo Press

Spreadsheet on typical RAF’s for specific companies Warner Pacific

(v) “Risk category” means the following characteristics of an eligible employee: age, geographic region, and family size of the employee, plus the benefit plan design selected by the small employer.    (1) No more than the following age categories may be used in determining premium rates:    Under 30    30-39    40-49    50-54    55-59    60-64    65 and over    However, for the 65 and over age category, separate premium rates may be specified depending upon whether coverage under the health benefit plan will be primary or secondary to benefits provided by the federal Medicare program pursuant to Title XVIII of the federal Social Security Act.

(2) Small employer carriers shall base rates to small employers using no more than the following family size categories:    (A) Single.    (B) Married couple.    (C) One adult and child or children.    (D) Married couple and child or children.

(3) (A) In determining rates for small employers, a carrier that operates statewide shall use no more than nine geographic regions in the state, have no region smaller than an area in which the first three digits of all its ZIP Codes are in common within a county and shall divide no county into more than two regions. Carriers shall be deemed to be operating statewide if their coverage area includes 90 percent or more of the state’s population. Geographic regions established pursuant to this section shall, as a group, cover the entire state, and the area encompassed in a geographic region shall be separate and distinct from areas encompassed in other geographic regions. Geographic regions may be noncontiguous.    (B) In determining rates for small employers, a carrier that does not operate statewide shall use no more than the number of geographic regions in the state than is determined by the following formula:

the population, as determined in the last federal census, of all counties which are included in their entirety in a carrier’s service area divided by the total population of the state, as determined in the last federal census, multiplied by nine. The resulting number shall be rounded to the nearest whole integer. No region may be smaller than an area in which the first three digits of all its ZIP Codes are in common within a county and no county may be divided into more than two regions. The area encompassed in a geographic region shall be separate and distinct from areas encompassed in other geographic regions. Geographic regions may be noncontiguous. No carrier shall have less than one geographic area.

Assembly Bill 1672 requires a carrier to file a base rate with the Department of Insurance; this base rate can be adjusted up or down 10% depending on medical information or group size and final rates are determined by the Underwriting Department of the respective carrier. Rates by law will be the same regarding of Agent or Agency or direct with the carrier.

§10700(w) “Small employer”  §10700.  means either of the following:    (1) Any person, proprietary or nonprofit firm, corporation, partnership, public agency, or association that is actively engaged in business or service that, on at least 50 percent of its working days during the preceding calendar quarter, or preceding calendar year, employed at least two,  (SB 371)(AB 8)   but not more than 50, eligible employees, the majority of whom were employed within this state, that was not formed primarily for purposes of buying health insurance and in which a bona fide employer-employee relationship exists.

Various Insurance Company Interpretations all Criteria Soonest one can get coverage for a NEW business.

In determining whether to apply the calendar quarter or calendar year test, the insurer shall use the test that ensures eligibility if only one test would establish eligibility. However, for purposes of subdivisions (b) and (h) of Section 10705, the definition shall include employers with at least three eligible employees until July 1, 1997, and two eligible employees thereafter.

In determining the number of eligible employees, companies that are affiliated companies and that are eligible to file a combined income tax return for purposes of state taxation shall be considered one employer.

Subsequent to the issuance of a health benefit plan to a small employer pursuant to this chapter, and for the purpose of determining eligibility, the size of a small employer shall be determined annually. Except as otherwise specifically provided, provisions of this chapter that apply to a small employer shall continue to apply until the health benefit plan anniversary following the date the employer no longer meets the requirements of this definition. It includes any small employer as defined in this paragraph who purchases coverage through a guaranteed association, (AB 2059) and any employer purchasing coverage for employees through a guaranteed association.

More detail 6 weeks prior quarter

(2) Any guaranteed association, as defined in subdivision (y), that purchases health coverage for members of the association.

Blue Cross 12/3/2010 Bulleting Small Group Definitions

(x) “Standard employee risk rate”  §10700.   (SERR)  means the rate applicable to an eligible employee in a particular risk category in a small employer group.

(y) “Guaranteed association” means a nonprofit organization comprised of a group of individuals or employers who associate based solely on participation in a specified profession or industry, accepting for membership any individual or employer meeting its membership criteria which

(1) includes one or more small employers as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (w),

(2) does not condition membership directly or indirectly on the health or claims history of any person,

(3) uses membership dues solely for and in consideration of the membership and membership benefits, except that the amount of the dues shall not depend on whether the member applies for or purchases insurance offered by the association,

(4) is organized and maintained in good faith for purposes unrelated to insurance,

(5) has been in active existence on January 1, 1992, and for at least five years prior to that date,

(6) has been offering health insurance to its members for at least five years prior to January 1, 1992,

(7) has a constitution and bylaws, or other analogous governing documents that provide for election of the governing board of the association by its members,

(8) offers any benefit plan design that is purchased to all individual members and employer members in this state,

(9) includes any member choosing to enroll in the benefit plan design offered to the association provided that the member has agreed to make the required premium payments, and

(10) covers at least 1,000 persons with the carrier with which it contracts. The requirement of 1,000 persons may be met if component chapters of a statewide association contracting separately with the same carrier cover at least 1,000 persons in the aggregate.    This subdivision applies regardless of whether a master policy by an admitted insurer is delivered directly to the association or a trust formed for or sponsored by an association to administer benefits for association members.    For purposes of this subdivision, an association formed by a merger of two or more associations after January 1, 1992, and otherwise meeting the criteria of this subdivision shall be deemed to have been in active existence on January 1, 1992, if its predecessor organizations had been in active existence on January 1, 1992, and for at least five years prior to that date and otherwise met the criteria of this subdivision.

Even with a Guaranteed Assoc. that does not mean that one could get a better deal as Carriers must offer the same benefits and price to all consumers.  §10705 B Marsh Affinity Services

(z) “Members of a guaranteed association” means any individual or employer meeting the association’s membership criteria if that person is a member of the association and chooses to purchase health coverage through the association.  At the association’s discretion, it may also include employees of association members, association staff, retired members, retired employees of members, and surviving spouses and dependents of deceased members. However, if an association chooses to include those persons as members of the guaranteed association, the association must so elect in advance of purchasing coverage from a plan. Health plans may require an association to adhere to the membership composition it selects for up to 12 months.    (aa) “Affiliation period” means a period that, under the terms of the health benefit plan, must expire before health care services under the plan become effective.

10701.  (a) For purposes of this chapter, “health benefit plan” does not include policies or certificates of specified disease or hospital confinement indemnity provided that the carrier offering those policies or certificates complies with the following:    (1) The carrier files, on or before March 1 of each year, a certification with the commissioner that contains the statement and information described in paragraph (2).    (2) The certification required in paragraph (1) shall contain the following:    (A) A statement from the carrier certifying that policies or certificates described in this section (i) are being offered and marketed as supplemental health insurance and not as a substitute for hospital or medical expense insurance, health care service plans, or major medical expense insurance, (ii) the disclosure forms as described in Section 10603 contains the following statement prominently on the first page:  “This is a supplement to health insurance.  It is not a substitute for hospital or medical expense insurance, a health maintenance organization (HMO) contract, or major medical expense insurance,” and (iii) are not being offered, marketed, or sold in a manner that would make the purchase of the policies contingent upon the sale of any product sold under Sections 10700 and 10718, or under Section 1357 of the Health and Safety Code.
(B) A summary description of each policy or certificate described in this section, including the average annual premium rates, or range of premium rates in cases where premiums vary by age, gender, or other factors, charged for the policies and certificates in this state.    (3) In the case of a policy or certificate that is described in this section and that is offered for the first time in this state on or after January 1, 1997, the carrier files with the commissioner the information and statement required in paragraph (2) at least 30 days prior to the date such a policy or certificate is issued or delivered in this state.    (b) As used in this section, “policies or certificates of specified disease” and “policies or certificates of hospital confinement indemnity” mean policies or certificates of insurance sold to an insured to supplement other health insurance coverage as specified in this section.  An insurer issuing a “policy or certificate of specified disease” or a “policy or certificate of hospital confinement indemnity” shall require that the person to be insured is covered by an individual or group policy or contract that arranges or provides medical, hospital, and surgical coverage not designed to supplement other private or governmental plans.

Anchors

Guaranteed Assoc.

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